Infertility is a widespread problem. It is defined as the inability to became pregnant after 1 year of regular, unprotected intercourse. For about one in five infertile couples, the problem lies solely in the male partner. A man’s fertility generally relies on the quantity and quality of his sperm. it the number of sperm a man ejaculates is low or if the sperm is of a poor quality it will be difficult and sometimes impossible for him to cause a pregnancy. Medical tests are needed to find out if a man is infertile.
Infertility in female refers to a woman who has not conceived after 1 year of unprotected vaginas intercourse. It affects an estimated 48 million women there are number of things that may be keeping you from getting pregnant e.g Damage fallopian tube, Hormonal problem, cervical issue, uterine trouble, unexplained infertility etc.
- Male- Male infertility is diagnosed when after testing both partners, reproductive problems have been found in the male. It is estimated that 1 in 20 men has some kind of fertility problem with low numbers of sperm in his ejaculate. However only 1 in 100 men has no sperm in his ejaculate. With the help of semen analysis we can able to know the quality and quantity of sperm. Other known causes of male infertility include sperm production problems, blockage of sperm transport, sexual problems, sperm antibodies etc.
- Female- A complete medical history and a physical exam are the first steps in diagnosing a fertility problem. If the female partners is unable to conceive within a reasonable period of time doctors may advice some fertility tests which include ovulation testing. Hysterosalpingography, laparoscopy, ovarian reserve testing, hormone level checking and imaging tests etc.